Clery Act Compliance
The Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act of 1998, commonly referred to as the “Clery Act,” is a federal law that requires each university receiving federal financial aid to annually compile and report specific crime and fire statistics for the university campus and to provide other safety and crime information to members of the campus community. The Clery Act also requires universities to:
- Have emergency response programs, including evacuation procedures for students.
- Notify the community of emergencies and issue warnings of threats.
- Maintain a daily crime log and a fire log.
- Have policies and procedures relating to sexual assault, dating and domestic violence, and stalking.
The Office of the President has online resources about the Clery Act including operational requirements and crime reporting.
Annual Security and Fire Safety Report
The Clery Act requires universities to collect and publish information about safety and security-related policies and programs, as well as information about certain crimes reported on campus (or other Clery Act geography) and fire safety. The latest Annual Security and Fire Safety Report is available for review.
- Campus Security Authorities (CSAs)
Clery Act Geography
The Clery Act requires colleges and universities to disclose crime statistics based on specific geographic parameters. Statistics must be disclosed for the following areas (Department of Education, 2016):
- On-campus, 34 CFR 668.46(a):
- Any building or property owned or controlled by an institution within the same reasonably contiguous geographic area and used by the institution in direct support of, or in a manner related to, the institution’s educational purposes, including residence halls; and
- Any building or property that is within or reasonably contiguous to paragraph (1) of this definition, that is owned by the institution but controlled by another person, is frequently used by students, and supports institutional purposes (such as a food or other retail vendor).
- On-campus Student Housing, 34 CFR 668.41(a):
- Any student housing facility that is owned or controlled by the institution, or is located on property that is owned or controlled by the institution, and is within the reasonably contiguous geographic area that makes up the campus is considered an on-campus student housing facility.
- Public Property, 34 CFR 668.46(a):
- All public property, including thoroughfares, streets, sidewalks, and parking facilities, that is within the campus, or immediately adjacent to and accessible from the campus.
- Non-campus, 34 CFR 668.46(a):
- Any building or property owned or controlled by a student organization that is officially recognized by the institution; or Any building or property owned or controlled by an institution that is used in direct support of, or in relation to, the institution’s educational purposes, is frequently used by students, and is not within the same reasonably contiguous geographic area of the institution.
For specific information regarding UC Riverside Clery Act Geography, please contact the Clery Act Compliance Coordinator.
- On-campus, 34 CFR 668.46(a):
Clery Act Crimes
The Clery Act requires institutions to include four general categories of crimes statistics: Criminal Offenses, Hate Crimes, VAWA Offenses, and Arrests and Referrals for Disciplinary Action. Definitions were taken from the Handbook for Campus Safety and Security Reporting (Department of Education, 2016). Please note that these definitions are not identical to definitions used in California law or definitions used in UCR policies.
- Criminal Homicide
- Murder and Non-Negligent Manslaughter: the willful (non-negligent) killing of one human being by another.
- Manslaughter by Negligence: the killing of another person through gross negligence.
- Sexual Assault (Sex Offenses): Any sexual act directed against another person, without consent of the victim, including instances where the victim is incapable of giving consent.
- Rape: the penetration, no matter how slight, of the vagina or anus, with any body part or object, or oral penetration by a sex organ of another person, without the consent of the victim. This offense includes the rape of both males and females.
- Fondling: the touching of the private body parts of another person for the purpose of sexual gratification, without the consent of the victim, including instances where the victim is incapable of giving consent because of his/her age or because of his/her temporary or permanent mental incapacity.
- Incest: sexual intercourse between persons who are related to each other within the degrees wherein marriage is prohibited by law.
- Statutory Rape: sexual intercourse with a person who is under the statutory age of consent.
- Robbery: the taking or attempting to take anything from value of the care, custody or control of a person or persons by force or threat of force or violence and/or by putting the victim in fear.
- Aggravated Assault: an unlawful attack by one person upon another for the purpose of inflicting severe or aggravated bodily injury. This type of assault usually is accompanied by the use of a weapon or by means likely to produce death or great bodily harm.
- Burglary: the unlawful entry of a structure to commit a felony or a theft. An incident must meet three conditions to be classified as a Burglary:
- There must be evidence of unlawful entry (trespass). This means that the person did not have the right to be in the structure at the time the incident occurred.
- The unlawful entry must occur within a structure, which is defined as having four walls, a roof, and a door.
- The structure was unlawfully entered to commit a felony or a theft.
- Motor Vehicle Theft: the theft or attempted theft of a motor vehicle.
- Arson: any willful or malicious burning or attempt to burn, with or without intent to defraud, a dwelling house, public building, motor vehicle or aircraft, personal property of another, etc.
A hate crime is a criminal offense that manifests evidence that the victim was intentionally selected because of the perpetrator’s bias against the victim. Bias is a preformed negative opinion or attitude toward a group of persons based on their race, gender/gender identity, religion, disability, sexual orientation or ethnicity/national origin.
- Race: a preformed negative attitude toward a group of persons who possess common physical characteristics, e.g., color of skin, eyes, and/or hair; facial features, etc., genetically transmitted by descent and heredity which distinguish them as a distinct division of humankind.
- Religion: a preformed negative opinion or attitude toward a group of persons who share the same religious beliefs regarding the origin and purpose of the universe and the existence or nonexistence of a supreme being.
- Sexual Orientation: a preformed negative opinion or attitude toward a group of persons based on their actual or perceived sexual orientation.
- Gender: a preformed negative opinion or attitude toward a person or group of persons based on their actual or perceived gender, e.g., male or female.
- Gender Identity: a preformed negative opinion or attitude toward a person or group of persons based on their actual or perceived gender identity, e.g., bias against transgender or gender non-conforming individuals.
- Ethnicity: a preformed negative opinion or attitude toward a group of people whose members identify with each other, through a common heritage, often consisting of a common language, common culture (often including a shared religion) and/or ideology that stresses common ancestry.
- National Origin: a preformed negative opinion or attitude toward a group of people based on their actual or perceived country of birth.
- Disability: a preformed negative opinion or attitude toward a group of persons based on their physical or mental impairments/challenges, whether such disability is temporary or permanent, congenital or acquired by heredity, accident, injury, advanced age or illness.
Hate crimes include all the Clery Act crimes defined in the Criminal Offenses section, if there is evidence that a victim was chosen based on a category of bias. The following additional crimes are also hate crimes, again if there is evidence that a victim was chosen based on a perpetrator’s bias:
- Larceny-Theft: the unlawful taking, carrying, leading, or riding away of property from the possession or constructive possession of another. (Larceny and theft mean the same thing in the Uniform Crime Reporting)
- Constructive possession is the condition in which a person does not have physical custody or possession, but is in a position to exercise dominion or control over a thing.
- Simple Assault: an unlawful physical attack by one person upon another where neither the offender displays a weapon, nor the victim suffers obvious severe or aggravated bodily injury involving apparent broken bones, loss of teeth, possible internal injury, severe laceration, or loss of consciousness.
- Intimidation: to unlawfully place another person in reasonable fear of bodily harm through the use of threatening words and/or other conduct, but without displaying a weapon or subjecting the victim to actual physical attack.
- Destruction/Damage/Vandalism of Property: to willfully or maliciously destroy, damage, deface, or otherwise injure real or personal property without the consent of the owner or the person having custody or control of it.
Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) Crimes
- Dating Violence: violence committed by a person who is or has been in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim. The existence of such a relationship shall be determined based on the reporting party’s statement and with consideration of the length of the relationship, the type of relationship, and the frequency of interaction between the persons involved in the relationship. Dating violence includes, but is not limited to:
- Sexual or physical abuse or the threat of such abuse.
- Dating violence does not include acts covered under the definition of domestic violence.
- Domestic Violence: a felony or misdemeanor crime of violence committed by:
- a current or former spouse or intimate partner of the victim;
- a person with whom the victim shares a child in common;
- a person who is cohabitating with, or has cohabitated with, the victim as a spouse or intimate partner;
- a person similarly situated to a spouse of the victim under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction in which the crime of violence occurred;
- any other person against an adult or youth victim who is protected from that person’s acts under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction in which the crime of violence occurred.
- Stalking: engaging in a course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to:
- fear for the person’s safety or the safety of others; or
- suffer substantial emotional distress.
For the purpose of this definition, course of conduct means two or more acts, including, but not limited to, acts in which the stalker directly, indirectly, or through third parties, by any action, method, device, or means, follows, monitors, observes, surveils, threatens, or communicates to or about a person, or interferes with a person’s property.
Arrests and Referrals for Disciplinary Action
Institutions must also report statistics for violations of the law that occur on Clery Act geography and result in arrests or persons being referred for disciplinary action. These do not include violations of UCR policies that may have resulted in persons being referred for disciplinary action if there was no violation of the law (i.e. a student of legal drinking age violates a “dry campus” policy).
- Arrest: persons processed by arrest, citation, or summons.
- Referred for Disciplinary Action: the referral of any person to any official who initiates a disciplinary action of which a record is established and which may result in the imposition of a sanction.
The three categories for which we report statistics regarding arrests and referrals for disciplinary action include:
- Weapons (Carrying, Possessing, Etc.,): the violation of laws or ordinances prohibiting the manufacture, sale, purchase, transportation, possession, concealment, or use of firearms, cutting instruments, explosives, incendiary devices or other deadly weapons. This classification encompasses weapons offenses that are regulatory in nature.
- Drug Abuse Violations: the violation of laws prohibiting the production, distribution and/or use of certain controlled substances and the equipment or devices utilized in their preparation and/or use. The unlawful cultivation, manufacture, distribution, sale, purchase, use, possession, transportation or importation of any controlled drug or narcotic substance. Arrests for violations of state and local laws, specifically those relating to the unlawful possession, sale, use, growing, manufacturing and making of narcotic drugs.
- Liquor Law Violations: the violation of state or local laws or ordinances prohibiting the manufacture, sale, purchase, transportation, possession or use of alcoholic beverages, not including driving under the influence and drunkenness.
- Criminal Homicide
- Clery Act Policies
Clery Act Coordinator
UC Riverside's Clery Act Coordinator is Magaly Perez, (951) 827-5747, 365 Skye Hall.